MOZBIO PROJECT MOZAMBIQUE- Process Framework
Mozambique is currently in a phase of rapid economic growth, mainly due to exploitation of valuable mineral resources, however this has not yet translated into reduction of rural poverty particularly in the centre and northern parts of the country, and especially in communities living in and around conservation areas.
Mozambique’s system of conservation areas is currently made up of seven National Parks, six National Reserves and eleven controlled hunting concessions (or coutadas ). Communities live inside and around all of these conservation areas relying on the local natural resources for their livelihoods. This use is threatening the conservation of biodiversity in conservation areas, which is exacerbated by organized commercially oriented illegal harvesting of valuable resources like timber, ivory and marine species including sharks.
The Government of Mozambique has requested a third phase of the Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCA) program to build on the achievements and lessons learned from the successful TFCA II partnership to further strengthen the effective management of the conservation areas and their contribution to the diversification of economic opportunities. The Mozbio project is therefore being designed to enhance the economic benefits from tourism and other development activities to the communities in and around targeted conservation areas, and to be the main instrument to implement the 2009 Conservation Policy and recently approved Conservation Areas Law.
The legislative progress, the establishment of the Administração Nacional das Áreas de Conservação (ANAC) as an autonomous public agency tasked with the management of all conservation areas, and the establishment of the Foundation for the Conservation of Biodiversity (BioFund) under TFCA II now provides the institutional framework for long term management and sustainability of the conservation areas.
Community incentives for conservation are to be addressed by the Mozbio Project through direct promotion in parallel of existing livelihoods systems and conservation compliance at a scale sufficient to impact families at household level.