Trans-frontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) and Conservation Areas (CAs)
Concept of Transfrontier Conservation Areas
TFCAs and other types of cross-border natural resource management efforts are now proliferating across África and around the world.
Within Southern África, there are more than a dozen of these initiatives in various stages of development.
A TFCA is a connected landscape-scale ecosystem or eco-region that crosses international boundaries, usually encompassing one or more protected áreas as well as multiple-use resource áreas for communities and other land owners. They have the common objective of being managed for long-term sustenance of large-scale ecosystem functions.
The concept of TFCAs hás evolved from initially being one of a strict biodiversity conservation objective to one of creating modeis for integrated ecosystem conservation and socio-economic development. This shift is predicated on the realization that the social elements of conservation are just as important as the ecological dimensions to determine the best ways to generate tangible benefits for the communities living with natural resources on a daily basis.
Vision of Transfrontier Conservation Areas
Within a legal framework established through the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Wildiife Policy promulgated in 1997 and the SADC Protocol on Wildiife Conservation and Law.
Enforcement, signed by ali 14 member states of SADC in 1999, the countries of Southern África have adopted the principie of establishing transfrontier conservation áreas as a means of promoting regional cooperation in the management and sustainable use of ecosystems that transcend national boundaries. They are aiso committed to developing a common framework for the conservation of natural resources, and the enforcement of the laws governing these resources and their sustainable use.